It means the device’s network address is
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method
for routers to route IP packets to their destination.
ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP
address for the Internet router located at the ISP's office.
ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the
Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations.
LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected
together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network
is considered a LAN.
MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware
address of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier
for a device with an Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data
that corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus 3
bytes that are often used as the product’s serial number.
NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your
home network to use one IP address. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability,
you can access the Internet from any computer on your home network without
having to purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.
Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network
application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and
Telnet TCP 23
FTP TCP 21
SMTP TCP 25
POP3 TCP 110
H.323 TCP 1720
SNMP UCP 161
SNMP Trap UDP 162
HTTP TCP 80
PPTP TCP 1723
PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure
data transmission method originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for
Ethernet connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards, Ethernet and